UI Brief: Economic transition in Bahrain and Saudi Arabia

Economic Diversification and the Youth Population in Bahrain and Saudi Arabia: Double Dividend or Double Jeopardy?

Author: Jeanine Schriemer (The Swedish Institute of International Affairs)
March, 2021

The Swedish Institute of International Affairs


Oil has shaped the social contract between the state and its citizens, how will the transition to a more diverse economy affect state-society relations?

This UI Brief aim to explore the economic transitions of two monarchies facing urgent pressure to reform, Saudi Arabia and Bahrain, in order to shed light on the main drivers of and obstacles to transition.

Gaza and West Bank – How to Unite One People

How can authority and legitimacy be restored in the Palestinian territories and how will Palestinians find a common and realistic path forward to resolve the conflicts within their society and with Israel?

Geographically, Palestinian society is divided between the West Bank and the Gaza strip. Politically, the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank and Hamas in the Gaza strip have been competing for authority, while living in the shadow of Israeli dominance. Nevertheless, as political elites, they are both responsible for the corruption and mismanagement that continuously exacerbates the effects of the Israeli occupation on the Palestinian economy and society. President Mahmoud Abbas was elected in 2005 for a four-year term, but new elections have yet to be held. Just below the surface, there are young generations of Palestinians for whom the two-state project is a faded dream and the Palestinian Authority is held in low esteem.


Anders Persson. Senior Lecturer Department of Political Science at Linnaeus University

Dr Yara Hawari: Dr Hawari is a Senior Palestine Policy Fellow of Al-Shabaka: The Palestinian Policy Network.

Muhammad Shehada: Manager at Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor

Marwa Fatafta: Policy Manager at Access Now and Policy Analyst and Al-Shabaka

Moderator: Dr Rouzbeh Parsi, Head of UI MENA Programme


Click here to register and read more about the event.

The International Law Perspective on the Israel-Palestine Conflict

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict comprises several thorny political and legal issues; such as the law of occupation, notions of sovereignty and territory, the rights of minorities and the structures of representative democracy. While international law is quite clear on some of these issues, the law operates within political contexts and as we have seen in the course of the past 20 years the respect for fundamental legal frameworks has been weakened.

This webinar is the first series of three in which we will explore the legal aspects and ramifications of the conflict as well as the state of play in both the Israeli and Palestinian society.

More information can be found here.

Valentina Azarova: Research Fellow, Manchester International Law Centre, University of Manchester, and Legal advisor with the Global Legal Action Network (GLAN)
Catriona Drew: Lecturer in International Law the School of Law and the Centre for International Studies and Diplomacy at SOAS, University of London
Ralph Wilde: Associate Professor, Faculty of Laws at University College London
Pål Wrange: Professor of Public International Law at Stockholm University. Director, Stockholm Center for International Law and Justice

Rouzbeh Parsi
, Head of UI:s MENA Programme