Navigating in a complex neighbourhood: Algeria’s response to security challenges in Libya and the Sahel
Author: Alexandra Hallqvist & Bitte Hammargren
Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI)
Algeria has traditionally had a stabilising role in a conflict-torn and unstable region. At a time when Algeria faces considerable political and economic challenges at home, developments, in particular in Libya and the Sahel, have resulted in increasingly complex and transnational security threats. The purpose of the report is to provide an overview of key aspects of Algeria’s history, politics, economy, military, and recent political developments, and to increase the understanding of how Algeria responds to the instability in Libya and the Sahel.
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Conflict Mediation and Peacebuilding in the Sahel: The Role of Maghreb Countries in an African Framework
Authors: Amal Bourhrous, Dr. Virginie Baudais, Dr. Dylan O’Driscoll
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
Conflict dynamics in the Sahel are complex. The region faces a multidimensional crisis that includes the proliferation of terrorist groups, criminal networks, environmental pressures, state weaknesses and severe governance problems. In addition to this internal context, the Sahel crisis has been affected by external factors, such as the fall of Muammar Gaddafi and the civil war in Libya. Its deeper causes can be found in the structural factors of fragility in the sociopolitical dynamics of internal divisions, serial uprisings and weak states. Having started as a largely Malian conflict, the crisis now affects the whole Sahel region and, despite the deployment of military and security operations, it continues to get worse. A new approach is needed.
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